There are about 2.3 billion people living on the earth and approximately 375 million speak English around the world There are more than 50 English speaking countries, where English is either the official or the primary language. It is the third most frequently used language in the world besides Mandarin Chinese and Spanish. The English language, (https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/how-english-evolved-into-a-modern-language/1575959.html) which evolved from a combination of Old English and the German Anglo-Saxon tongue, began to be commonly used around the 5th century.
Though it might be a challenge for some to speak English fluently when they do not have a speaking partner, there is however 10 ways stated below on how to improve your spoken English. However, It is not limited to these 10 ways.
1. Think in English.
Talking in a new language can sometimes be a difficult thing but that is not the problem but it is how you think about it. For many language learners, they think in their native language and then try to speak English, you’ll always have to translate between languages. Translating isn’t an easy thing to do! Speakers who are fluent in two or more languages have trouble switching between languages too. So often using translation tools is not helpful as there are many translation errors.
The solution is to think in English. Try to use English when you’re thinking about how your day went, or when you’re trying to decide on what food to order. It is recommended using an English to English dictionary to look up words. That way you never have to use your native language and translate words. You’ll notice that when you think in English, it’s easier for you to speak in English.
2. Use a mirror.
Whenever possible, take a few minutes out of your day to stand in front of the mirror and speak. Choose a topic, set a limit of 2 or 3 minutes and just talk. This exercise is to watch your mouth, face and body language as you speak. It also makes you feel like you’re talking to someone.
Don’t stop until you have reached the time limit. If you get stuck on a word you don’t know, try expressing your idea in a different way. Review and look up how to say that word after the 2-3 minute time limit. This will definitely help you find out what kinds of words or sentences you have trouble with.
3. Talk to yourself.
Whenever you’re at home (or alone somewhere else) you can practice your English by talking to yourself.
If you’re already thinking in English, try speaking your thoughts out loud. Read out loud, too. Practice is practice, and even if you don’t have anyone to correct your mistakes, just the act of speaking out loud will help you become more confident in speaking English.
4. Focus on fluency, not grammar.
Listen to yourself whenever you speak in English: how often do you stop? The more you stop, the less confident you sound and the less comfortable you become. Try the mirror exercise above, but challenge yourself to speak without stopping the entire time.
This might mean that your sentences won’t be grammatically perfect, and that’s alright! If you focus on speaking fluently instead of correctly, you’ll still be understood and you’ll sound better. You can fill in the correct grammar and word rules as you learn more.
5. Learn phrases, not words.
When you find a new word that you don’t know. Instead of writing down the word by itself write down the whole phrase. Then try to work out the meaning by using the complete phrase as context by repeating the phrase several times. After that, make sentences related to those phrases in real life situations that might come in handy.
This method of learning vocabulary has been proven to be effective in producing results. It is a much more powerful way to improve language learning and memory.
6. Learn word forms with new words.
You can make speaking easier by learning the different forms of any words you learn. You should do this when you’re learning new vocabulary. For example, if you just learned the word drive, you should also learn some other forms like drove and driven. Knowing the correct way to use a word in any kind of sentence is important in helping you while speaking. You won’t have to stop and think of different words—you’ll know exactly when you need to use that word while speaking.
An even better idea is to learn word phrases, not just words. For example, you can say “how do you feel today?” but a native speaker might say “how’re you doing?” or “how have you been?”. Phrases and expressions can be helpful for sounding more natural when you speak.
7. Get familiar with your most common sayings.
Take some time to really notice how you speak in your native language. What words and phrases do you use most often? Get familiar with how to say your most commonly used phrases and words in English. Knowing them in English will help you speak as well in English as you do in your native language.
8. Prepare for specific situations.
Are you learning English for a specific purpose? For example, are you learning English so you can get a job in an English-speaking company? In that case, practice English that will help you in an interview. Are you learning English so you can make friends in America? Then you would need a different kind of English.
Before you go to a place where you have to speak English, you can practice what you might have to say. If you’re preparing to go on a vacation, what might conversations in a hotel/guest house sound like? Answer the questions a hotel receptionist might ask you. Try talking about the room and what is available for guests. You’ll feel more confident if you’re prepared!
When learning to speak fluently, you can be your best helper or your worst enemy! Though it may be hard at times, try not to worry about how you sound when you speak. Just relax!
If you become stuck or confused, just take a deep breath and start over. Speak slower if you have to. Take time to pause and think about your next sentence. Do whatever it takes to become more comfortable with speaking English.
10. Tell a story from your language in English.
Here’s a great way to test how well your spoken English has improved: choose a story that you know really well in your native language and tell it in English.
Remember to think in English as you’re telling your story. Focus on speaking fluently instead of correctly. Say every sentence out loud to yourself even if you have nobody to talk with.
Search out other ways on the internet on how you can improve your speaking skills especially if you do not have a partner to practice with. The goal is to increase your vocabulary and to reach a level of fluency until you become more and more confident and comfortable.